The source of a traumatic brain injury can vary from a car accident to a sports collision to a fall. How people react to a TBI can also vary. Someone can be in a motorcycle accident, hit their head, and never be diagnosed with a TBI. Another person can fall and not even hit their head but ultimately be pegged as having a mild brain injury. Regardless of how the injury was caused, there are certain brain functions that are affected most often by a TBI.
When a TBI disrupts brain function, the damage a person experiences can range from mild and temporary to severe and permanent. Some people recover from a TBI with rest and rehabilitation while others may be saddled with lifelong disabilities.Here are five brain functions that experience the most trauma in a brain injury, according to the Mayo Clinic:
- Nervous system
When the cranial nerves are damaged by an injury to the base of the skull, it can result in facial muscle paralysis and a loss of sensations in the face. The senses can also be affected, with a loss of the sense of smell, and a loss of vision or double vision. You may even experience trouble swallowing.
- Cognitive functions
The brain’s cognitive functions are often impaired by a traumatic brain injury. Some of these side effects may take time to recognize for what they are, including an inability to make decision, initiate or complete tasks, multitask, or concentrate. There may be a feeling of muddiness or heaviness that affects a person’s ability to reason, make good judgment, problem solve, organize. Memory and mental processing speed are also impacted. Continue reading