Vitamins: – These are baby accustomed substances but all-important allotment of diet. A vitamin is an amoebic admixture bare as a comestible in actual baby abundance by an beastly in beastly body. Vitamins are begin in plants and animals. The accent of bistro a assertive aliment to advance bloom and a altered diet usually gives you all the vitamins you required. In 1912 Funk aboriginal gave the name vitamin to a actuality begin in foods. The name vitamin is acquired from “vital for life”.
Vitamins are difficult in anatomy and actinic composition. They were alleged A, B, C, etc.
Functions of Vitamins: – Main action of vitamin could be listed as their acute role in:
Maintain concrete growth
Metabolism of nutrients
Fight adjoin infection
Types of Vitamins:
There are two types of vitamins: water-soluble and fat-soluble.
A) Fat Soluble Vitamins
B) Baptize Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamin A: – Vitamin A in its complete and pure, begin in beastly foods. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin. Vitamin A is advantageous to the body. It is important for able activity of the epithelial cells. Vitamins are begin in 2 types 1) Vitamins A1= Retinol
Or 2) Vitamin A2 or dehydro-Retinol
Source of Vitamin A: – Vitamin A is begin in beastly foods such as alarmist oil and eggs, milk, adulate and cheese. It is additionally begin in blooming vegetables. Fish alarmist oil contains best abundance of Vitamin “A” retinol.
Effect of Deficiency: – Night blindness, Xerosis of cornea, dry skin, teeth trouble, accident of weight, headache, infection ear and nose, jaundice etc.
Vitamin D: – vitamin D is to access the calcium absorption. Vitamin D is to advance accustomed claret levels of calcium and phosphorus.
Source of Vitamin D: – Vitamin D is begin in beastly foods such as eggs, milk yolk, adulate and cheese. Vitamin D can be fabricated in your anatomy back bark apparent to ultraviolet application from the sun.
Effect of Deficiency: – Rickets. It mainly occurs in children.
Vitamin E: – In 1923 Evans and Bishop invented Vitamin “E” and called it Anti-sterility-vitamin. Vitamin E prevents the blaze of the poly-unsaturated blubbery acids in the corpuscle membranes. This vitamin is advantageous for the metabolism of fats.
Source of Vitamin E: – Vegetables, beastly foods, corn, soyabeans, groundnuts, attic oils, Almonds are acceptable antecedent of Vitamin E.
Effect of Deficiency: – Affection disease, Bark disorder, ashen myopathyn, anaemia in infants.
Vitamin K (Anti-Coagulation vitamin): – Vitamin K is accepted to be bare to claret agglomeration by acclimation the prothrombin akin and to advance able cartilage density.
Source of Vitamin K: – Blooming Vegetables, Potato, Red Tomato are acceptable antecedent of Vitamin K.
Effect of Deficiency: – Poor array of blood, Hematomas, Hemorrhaging, claret in urine, Alarmist Cancer.
Water Soluble Vitamin
Vitamin B Complex: – Vitamin B circuitous is composed of abounding constituents. Vitamin B is accepted to be a accumulating of altered vitamins they are:-
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine):- Vitamin B1 is all-important for the metabolism of glucose in the body. A Absence Causes, Beriberi, a ache of the affection and afraid system, Sleeplessness, weakness, claret apportionment affected. Antecedent of Thiamine is Aureate germ, bread, Yeast, legumes, nuts, vegetables, fruits, and milk.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin):- Vitamin B2 is all-important for the reactions of coenzymes. Cracks at the corners of the mouth, soars, baptize in eyes, red argot and a dry, disorders in bark is the aftereffect of deficiency. antecedent of coffee, yeast, cheese, meat, milk and liver.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin):- Vitamin B3 is all-important for the appetence and brainy health. Absence causes deepening of the skin, weight loss, poor health, Insomnia, as able-bodied as brainy slowing. Its antecedent aliment grains, coffee, yeast, milk, alarmist etc.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine):- Vitamin B6 is all-important for the metabolism of proteins. Absence causes deepening of the bark and mouth, the liver, the claret vessels, nausea, sleeplessness, vomiting, dizziness, weakness and anemia. Its sources liver, aureate gram, milk, vegetables etc.
Vitamin B12:- An capital agency in nucleic acid. The absence of this vitamin affects the assembly of DNA. Absence leads to anemia, low claret in blood, Delayed claret clotting, astriction etc. Antecedent of Vitamin B12is animal’s foods.
Folic Acid: – Folic acerbic in the metabolism of purines and pyrimidines. Absence causes anemia. Its sources Blooming abounding vegetables, liver, egg, yeast, milk etc.
Vitamin C: – Additionally accepted as Ascorbic Acerbic is a affectionate of suger which is advantageous for our body. It is capital for the health, of the teeth, the basic and the gums.
Source of Vitamin C: – Vitamin C is begin in Abounding vegetables, fruits, Potatoes
Liver is the alone beastly aliment that contains it.
Effect of Deficiency: – scurvy, tooth decay, accident of weight , poor anguish healing, and cartilage aberration in children, bleeding in gums.